This page shows how to create a Kubernetes Service object that provides load-balanced access to an application running in a cluster.
You need to have a Kubernetes cluster, and the kubectl command-line tool must be configured to communicate with your cluster. If you do not already have a cluster, you can create one by using Minikube, or you can use one of these Kubernetes playgrounds:
To check the version, enter
Run a Hello World application in your cluster:
kubectl run hello-world --replicas=2 --labels="run=load-balancer-example" --image=gcr.io/google-samples/node-hello:1.0 --port=8080
List the pods that are running the Hello World application:
kubectl get pods --selector="run=load-balancer-example"
The output is similar to this:
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE hello-world-2189936611-8fyp0 1/1 Running 0 6m hello-world-2189936611-9isq8 1/1 Running 0 6m
Create a Service object that exposes the deployment:
kubectl expose deployment <your-deployment-name> --type=NodePort --name=example-service
<your-deployment-name> is the name of your deployment.
Display the IP addresses for your service:
kubectl get services example-service
The output shows the internal IP address and the external IP address of
your service. If the external IP address shows as
<pending>, repeat the
Note: If you are using Minikube, you don’t get an external IP address. The external IP address remains in the pending state.
NAME TYPE CLUSTER-IP EXTERNAL-IP PORT(S) AGE example-service ClusterIP 10.0.0.160 <pending> 8080/TCP 40s
Use your Service object to access the Hello World application:
<your-external-ip-address> is the external IP address of your
The output is a hello message from the application:
Note: If you are using Minikube, enter these commands:
kubectl cluster-info kubectl describe services example-service
The output displays the IP address of your Minikube node and the NodePort value for your service. Then enter this command to access the Hello World application:
<minikube-node-ip-address> us the IP address of your Minikube node,
<service-node-port> is the NodePort value for your service.
As an alternative to using
kubectl expose, you can use a
service configuration file
to create a Service.
Learn more about connecting applications with services.